Terms to Know: Emphasis, Point of View, and Language
- Give an example of a passive voice construction, and then change it to active. Make sure your example is not from the book.
- Describe a situation in which passive voice is effective.
- Explain two of the three types of stylistic subordination.
- Give an example of how subordination can be used to change emphasis.
- What kinds of grammatical units can be made parallel? How should you make them parallel?
- Besides being parallel in structure, good list elements should conform to a series of rules. Explain two from the Writer's Checklist.
- How, according to the Writer's Checklist, should a list be introduced?
- What are four good ways to achieve emphasis?
- Is using "I" ever appropriate in business communication? When is it preferable and when not?
- When is "we" better than "I"?
- What ethical issues arise when you use abstract words, technical or legal jargon, and euphemisms?
- Give three examples of redundant modifiers.
- Give an examples of a padded phrase from this reading; then give one from the more on redundancy handout.
- What are the non-sexist alternatives to "male nurse," "foreman," and "man and wife"?
- What are two ways to avoid sexist pronouns without the cumbersome "his or her"/ "he or she"?
- What other kinds of bias should you avoid in workplace language?
- Give an example of nominalization (adding prefixes and suffixes to simple words)?
- What is one cause of affectation?
- What are three ways to avoid affectation (see checklist)?
- When is it okay to use a highly technical term?
- Explain two types of workplace jargon.
- How many stages of review should you use to proofread a document?
- At what proofreading stage should you correct for abbreviations, capitalization, and proper names?
- At what proofreading stage should you check for consistent use of fonts and headings?
- Give an example of a special red flag from the red flags handout.
- Give an example from under the heading "red flag usage" from the red flags handout.
- From under the heading "not-ever words and usages" from the red flags handout, provide the less wordy alternatives to these words or phrases: "prior to," "in order to," "upon," and "utilize."